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The Concept of Immunity

The concept of immunity, Vyadhi Ksamatva or Bala, as it is known in Ayurveda is a fascinating and vast subject. When etiological factors come into contact with the body they try to produce disease. At the same time the body tries to resist the disease. This power of the body, which prevents the development of diseases or resists a developed disease, is called Immunity (Vyadhi kshamatava) in Ayurveda.Immunity depends upon the maintenance of the equilibrium of doshas and the healthiness of tissues and channels. Similarly the strength of the body is related to immunity and it also depends upon the healthiness of tissues. This strength is attainable from three sources-constitutional(sahaja bala ), temporal(kalaja bala) , and acquired(yuktija bala). Constitutional strength is the one which exists in the mind and body  gained from the time of the formation of the fetus onwards. Hence it is dependent on the healthiness of sperm and ovum and also on the excellence of time and place. The temporal strength is the one, which is gained from the favorable condition of time, such as youth, and favorable season. 

The acquired strength is one, which is achieved by the proper combination of diet, exercise, and other regimens.  Individuals incapable of resisting diseases are

  • Obese individuals
  • Emaciated persons
  • Those who have improper physiology of the musculature
  • Those with defective blood
  • Those who have defective bone tissues
  • Those nourished with unwholesome food
  • Those who have feeble minds
Amongst the factors responsible for immunity, the greatest importance has been assigned to the healthy condition of the three tissues-blood, muscle, and bone. In our opinion the reasons for this are: Here is a typical relation of between these three tissues and tridosha-i.e. between blood and Pitta, muscle and Kapha, bone and Vata. The healthy condition of these three tissues will naturally maintain equilibrium of the three doshas, which is also required for resisting disease. 

As a general rule, those who indulge in an irregular routine and eat unwholesome food tend to suffer ill health. Conversely, those who maintain a regular, healthy routine and take wholesome food generally maintain good health. However, it can be observed that some people can tolerate and overcome disease even after indulging in irregular routine and unwholesome food, managing to live healthily and happily. It can also be noted that though some people follow a regular routine and eat wholesome food, they are still susceptible to disease and suffer ill health. These are unanswered questions that are worthy of investigation and analysis.  

According to Ayurveda, terminal diseases can be cured only through Rasa-Rasayan therapy or Rasashastra. Rasa-Rasayan therapy is based on the idea that human body is composed of copper, iron, zinc, mercury,  silver etc. In Rasayan shastra or rasashastra the principal element of Rasayan is mercury or parada.   Gold, Silver, tin, Lead, Zinc,  Copper, iron as well as precious stones like diamond, pearl,ruby, emerald, blue sapphire etc. these are formed into bhasmas and pishtis 

When these elements in the body get depleted, use of bhasma of those relevant metals and herbs can make compatible impact on the body. There is a clear mention in the Ayurvedic texts, that incurable disease are to be treated by means of Rasa-Rasayan. These metals help in the prevention and treatment of many diseases




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