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Introduction: Ayuveda and Cancer

Ayurveda is an Ancient Indian medical science. Charaka, Sushruta and Vaghbata have categorizied Cancer under the heading of Tumours (Gulma/Granthi), malignant cancers (Arbuda), Incurable ulcers (asadhya vrana), incurable jaundice(asadhya kamala) etc depending on the type and characterstics. 

Ayurveda states that every living thing in the universe is made of five elements (pancha mahabhutas).These five elements constitute 3 primary live forces doshas. The 3 doshas called vata , pitta and kapha can be found in every cell and every human in a combination unit to each individual . There are a variety of factors that causes disease. However these can all be categorized according to three main causes identified by Caraka. These are the improper use of the intellect (Pragnaparadha), Improper contact of the senses with their respective objects (Asatmendriyartha samyoga) and seasonal variations (Kala or Parinama). These factors can all lead to conditions where disease can be generated, as they create an imbalance in the tridosas. According to ayurveda no diseases exists without the involvement of Tridoshas. 

The diagnosis of all disease are based on which channels are obstructed. An excess of one can create spill over effect in the body. Once dosha or dosha s is out of balance it begins to accumulate as a negative force. Ayurveda recognized one main cause in all the diseases. The cause is rooted in the impairement of the body s main ingredient principle called Agni, the fire of digestion . A faulty fire leads to improper functioning of the tissue (Dhathus), which in turn creats Ama(Toxins which are produced at any stage of metabolism and which are circulating through the channels) in the gastro-intestinal tract and leading to poor synthesis of tissue, which then increase the production of those malas and doshas that are harmful to the body.All internal disease begins with ama s presence in the body and all externally created diseases evenctually produces ama.In addition to obstructing the body channels ama causes detoriation in our strength and energy levels. Sushruta has proposed six stages in the pathogenesis of all diseases but his concept suits more to the pathology of the tumour than pathogenesis itself.1. Sanchaya: early stages of localized neoplastic changes, 2. Prakopa: transformation of primary growths into metastatic tumours,3. Prasara: metastasis, 4. Sthana samsraya: complete metastasis and secondary growth,5. Vyakti: Full expression of clinical signs and symptoms ,6. Bheda: stage of complications. 

The Ayurvedic methods for disease(Roga) examination are 1.Causative factor(Nidana),2.Preliminary symptoms (purva rupa) , 3.Signs and symptoms(Rupa), 4.Disease pathogenesis(Samprapti), 5.Means of elevation(Upashaya).Probably the most important form of patient(Rogi) examination practiced in Ayurveda is the eightfold examination (Ashtavidha Pariksha). These provide a good idea about the nature of the illness and’ the condition of the patient. The eight factors examined are Pulse examination(Nadi),stool examination(Mala), urine examination(Mutra), voice(Shabda), touch(Sparsha),eyes(Drik),General appearance(Akriti). 

There are many treatments in ayurveda. The procedure of the treatment varies according to the patient ‘s mental and physical strength. Purification treatments are the panchakarma treatments(Samshodhana chikitsa), Herbal medicines and mineral preparations(in the form of powders, tablets, decoctions, medicated oils). are used internally and externally (Samshamana chikitsa),Spiritual therapy( Daivavyapaashraya chikitsa),Psychological therapy( Satvaavajaya chikitsa),Surgery( Shastra chikitsa) 

.Ayurveda is concerned with going to the root of disease, not merely with treating symptoms. For this it looks at one's entire lifestyle.In Conclusion Life (Ayus) represents a combination of body(Sharira), the sense organs(Indriyas),the mind(Satwa) and the soul(Atma). (Continuation of this article will be posted soon)





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